Online from: 1974
Subject Area: Economics
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|Title:||Support for democracy in the Fiji Islands: does schooling matter?|
|Author(s):||Neelesh Gounder, (Faculty of Business and Economics, School of Economics, The University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji), Mahendra Reddy, (Faculty of Business and Economics, School of Economics, The University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji), Biman Chand Prasad, (Faculty of Business and Economics, School of Economics, The University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji)|
|Citation:||Neelesh Gounder, Mahendra Reddy, Biman Chand Prasad, (2010) "Support for democracy in the Fiji Islands: does schooling matter?", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 37 Iss: 2, pp.136 - 149|
|Keywords:||Democracy, Education, Fiji, Individual behaviour|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/03068291011007255 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
|Acknowledgements:||The financial support for this research was provided by The University of the South Pacific's Faculty of Business and Economics Research Grant No. 6D129-1421. The authors are grateful to Professor Russel Smyth of Monash University for numerous helpful comments on an earlier draft of this paper.|
Purpose – Education is highly regarded as having a central influence on individuals' understanding and backing of democracy, but whether this occurs in young and small democratic states remain unknown. The purpose of this paper is to examine whether schooling and education have a positive impact on an individual's democratic values in Fiji, whose democratic system has been subject to three coups since independence in 1970.
Design/methodology/approach – To achieve the goal of this paper, the ordered probit probability model is used. The ordered probit model serves as a better framework for statistical analysis whenever field survey responses are ordinal as distinct from numerical.
Findings – The results from an ordered probit model reveal that the education level does not affect an individual's democratic values. However, it is found that gender, age, and ethnicity do have an influence on individuals' endorsement of democracy.
Practical implications – Democracy has more than once proved to be an elusive dream in Fiji. This paper aims to provide the answer whether education can be the facilitating factor in transition towards a more democratic state.
Originality/value – This is the first study which comprehensively explores whether schooling and education has a positive impact on an individual's democratic values in Fiji.
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